Grants for Head Start programs are awarded to local public or private non-profit agencies by the 10 ACF Regional Offices and the Head Start Bureau's American Indian and Migrant Programs Branches. Twenty percent of the cost of a Head Start program must be contributed by the community. Head Start programs operate in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. territories.
Most of the Head Start program's appropriation funds local Head Start projects. The remainder is used for training and technical assistance to assist local projects in meeting Head Start Program Performance Standards, maintaining and improving the quality of local programs; research, demonstration, and evaluation activities to test innovative program models and to assess program effectiveness; and required monitoring activities.