Government

Challenges of the Supreme Court’s Desegregation Ruling

Part 1 in a Series

The Jefferson County Board of Education, near Louisville, Ky., decided to drop the use of an individual student’s race in determining school assignments. The move came after the Supreme Court’s 5-4 ruling in July that doing so without a court order is an unconstitutional violation of students’ rights to equal protection.

NHTSA's Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards for School Buses and Transit Buses

FMVSS
No.
Title of Standard
Transit
Buses
School Buses under 10,000# GVWR
School Buses over 10,000# GVWR
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

x


x
x

x


x


x


x

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

x


x
x

x

x
x
x

x


x
x

x
x

x
x

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

The FMVSS System and School Bus Safety

The modern school bus era has been marked by federal rules, designated "FMVSS" for federal motor vehicle safety standards. These standards are the method by which the federal government regulates the safety of all motor vehicles sold for use in the United States. All vehicle manufacturers, whether they manufacture school buses, trucks, automobiles, motorcycles of other highway vehicles, must comply with the applicable FMVSS regulations. Once a vehicle is sold or leased, regulation of the operation of the vehicle becomes the responsibility of the states.